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GUIDE TO VAPING
WHAT IS AN E-CIGARETTE/VAPE DEVICE?
The successful e-cigarette device was invented in 2003 by a pharmacist by the name of Hon Lik in Bejing, China. It is an electronic device that vaporises e-liquid into vapour, which is then inhaled by the user.
WHAT IS E-LIQUID?
E-Liquid is a combination of Vegetable Glycerin (VG), Propylene Glycol (PG), food grade flavouring and nicotine (if needed).
Vegetable Glycerin (VG) a thick, viscous liquid that produces clouds of vapour. VG tends to have a more sweeter taste to your liquid.
Propylene Glycol (PG) is a much thinner based liquid. PG produces more of a throat hit than VG does, which simulates the hit you would get when smoking a cigarette.
WHAT IS VG/PG RATIO?
This refers to the percentage of Vegetable Glycerin versus Propylene Glycol that make up the e-liquid. There is a common mistake where those who are new to vaping would purchase e-liquid, assuming that all e-liquids are the same. Because of the thickness of VG, high VG e-liquids (70% VG or more) are more suitable for sub-ohm devices whereas 50% or less VG are more suitable for non sub-ohm devices.
PG - More throat hit, carries flavour better
VG - More vapour, smoother, sweeter
WHAT IS A TANK?
A tank is the element which holds the coil and e-liquid. Located on the top is where we would find a mouthpiece, usually referred to as the drip tip.
WHAT IS A COIL / ATOMISER?
Coils/atomisers - is the component that heats and transforms the e-liquid into vapour. They require more work as these need to be changed over a period of time and are designed to work in specific brands and models of tanks/RDAs.
Clearomisers - is a see-through plastic or glass tank that already has an atomiser installed. These are usually disposable.
Cartomisimers - sometimes referred to as extended atomisers are typically found in cheap e-cigs that are made to look like imitation cigarettes.
WHAT IS A MOD?
A mod consists of the electronic circuit board and battery (either inbuilt or external) needed to heat up the coil.
WHAT IS MTL VAPING?
Mouth to Lung (MTL) style vaping is sometimes referred to as classic vaping due to the way you would vape the same way you would smoke a cigarette. First by inhaling the vapour to your throat, then inhaling deeper into your lungs. MTL devices are great for beginners to transition them from cigarettes to vaping as it fully mimics the method of smoking.
WHAT IS DTL VAPING?
Direct to Lung (DTL) style vaping is where you would inhale vapour directly into your lungs. Sub-ohm devices typically generate more power, which means more vapour therefore DTL works best for these devices as there is more capacity to accomodate the vapour you inhale.
WHAT IS NICOTINE?
Nicotine is an addictive stimulate that naturally occurs as a liquid alkaloid in many plants of the nightshade family. Tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant, and tobacco all contain nicotine.
When a body is exposed to nicotine, the individual experiences a “kick.” This is partly caused by nicotine stimulating the adrenal glands, which results in the release of adrenaline. This surge of adrenaline stimulates the body. There is an immediate release of glucose, as well as an increase in heart rate, breathing activity, and blood pressure.
Nicotine also makes the pancreas produce less insulin, causing a slight increase in blood sugar or glucose. Indirectly, nicotine causes the release of dopamine in the pleasure and motivation areas of the brain. A similar effect occurs when people take heroin or cocaine. The drug user experiences a pleasurable sensation.
Nicotine continues to be researched and studied. An expert independent evidence review (19 August 2015) published by Public Health England (PHE) and led by Professor Ann McNeill (King’s College London) and Professor Peter Hajek (Queen Mary University of London) concludes that e-cigarettes are significantly less harmful to health than tobacco by 95%. Link to the study can be found here.